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NHS figures reveal 852 babies weighing 10lbs or more were born across the country last year – with some tipping the scales at more than 12lbs.
Babies weighing 9lbs 14oz or more are considered oversized – or macrosomic – by medical authorities in Scotland.
Health experts warn women who are overweight or obese can give birth to heavier babies because the foetus receives more sugar through the placenta.
They say overweight mums are at an increased risk of having a complicated pregnancy, including developing maternal diabetes, which affects around one in 20 pregnancies and can lead to a baby being born too large.
Oversized babies are at increased risk of stillbirth, getting stuck during delivery, and having a lifetime of health complications, including heart disease and diabetes.
Scotland’s heaviest baby in 2015 was born in the NHS Lanarkshire area weighing 13lb 1oz – almost double the size of an average newborn. NHS figures show that 852 babies weighing 10lbs or over were born in Scottish hospitals last year.
Scotland’s largest health board, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, saw 236 macrosomic babies born, with around half born by C-section.
In NHS Lothian 168 babies were born weighing more than 10lbs. NHS Lanarkshire saw 75, NHS Grampian had 81 and there were 72 in NHS Ayrshire and Arran.
Of those births, around half were by C-section or assisted delivery, such as forceps, which can lead to increased health risks in unborn babies.
Gillian Smith, director for the Royal College of Midwives in Scotland, said bigger babies put increased pressure on midwives and doctors.